Chapter 19

  Genetic Counseling

The role of genetic counselors

    Genetic counselors are health care professionals trained in genetics and psychology.


Educate public about genetic information.

Evaluate patient’s risk of genetic disease based on personal and family history.

Determine whether and which genetic tests are appropriate.

Counsel patients before and after genetic test results conveyed.

Act as a resource for referral or support group information.

Types of genetic screening tests

Newborn screening tests

Genetic counseling issues


Confidentiality within society

Confidentiality within family


Nondirective information




Role within the health care profession